NCLB Compliant Playground Program
Scientific Research Review- Playground Research
Numerous playground research studies have shown that playground markings increase children’s physical activity levels at recess.
Scientifically based research cited in the literature review demonstrates that a research base exists to support the use of playground markings for improving children’s physical activity levels.
Playground Research conclusions from this review include:
- Increase children’s physical activity levels. Use of playground markings is effective in increasing the amount of physical activity.
- Increase children’s energy expenditures. Students utilizing playground markings increased their energy expenditure significantly over the control groups.
- Increase activity levels in primary and junior schools. Use of playgrounds painted with multicolored markings increase physical activity.
- Decrease bullying. Use of playground markings, in conjunction with the Peaceful Playgrounds Program, were found to decrease playground bullying.
- Decrease playground confrontations. Use of playground markings, in conjunction with the Peaceful Playgrounds Program, were found to decrease playground confrontations.
- Decrease playground injuries. Use of playground markings, in conjunction with the Peaceful Playground program, were shown to decrease playground injuries.
Research Results & Recommendations
Results from this study are clearly promising and this novel, inexpensive intervention which used the children to help select game markings, has potential to improve the health of children by increasing their energy expenditure through the promotion of physically active recess games.
Overall, the results suggest that playground painting can be a low-cost method of significantly increasing children’s daily physical activity levels in the short term. If these increases can be sustained on playgrounds designed in this way, it could be a valuable contribution to health-related physical activity recommendations for young people.
Portable Playground Equipment and Increased Physical Activity
Increasing preschoolers’ physical activity intensities: an activity-friendly preschool playground intervention Hannon JC, Brown BB. Prev Med. 2008 Jun;46(6):532-6. Epub 2008 Jan 26.
The purpose of this study was to see if portable play equipment added to a preschool playground resulted in higher intensities of physical activity among 3-5-year-old children.
Conclusion: Results suggest simple interventions, requiring little teacher training, can yield increases in healthy physical activity.
Relationships between the home environment and physical activity and dietary patterns of preschool children: a cross-sectional study N Spurrier, A Magarey, R Golley, F Curnow and M Sawyer. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2008, 5:31
Conclusion: Physical attributes of the home environment and parental behaviors are associated with preschool children’s physical activity, sedentary behaviors and dietary patterns. Many of these variables are modifiable and could be targeted in childhood obesity prevention and management. Three factors influenced the amount of children’s physical activity at home. 1. parental physical activity, 2. size of backyard, and 3. amount of outdoor play equipment.
San Diego County Office of Education
Instructional Television Presentation
Shaping Up: It’s Elementary
Solutions for Childhood Obesity.
PEP Grant Components.
SPARK and Peaceful Playgrounds.
View this 30 minute program…
Research on Playground Markings and Increased Physical Activity
Research shows physical activity is linked to increased learning Deb Loy, MSBA Journal. 2008 July/August.
Conclusion: Physical activity has always been a part of children’s educational experience. While many factors have contributed to the decline in students’ activity levels, there are multiple reasons and resources for school leaders to consider in reclaiming physical activity as an essential component to their growth, development and education.
The effect of multicolor playground markings on children’s physical activity level during recess Stratton G, Mullan E., Prev Med. 2005 Nov-Dec;41(5-6):828-33. Epub 2005 Aug 31.
Conclusion: Multicolor playground markings can be a low-cost method of increasing children’s daily physical activity levels in the short term. If these increases were sustained, then school playgrounds with multicolor markings would make a valuable contribution to physical activity recommendations for young people.
Promoting children’s physical activity in primary school: an intervention study using playground markings Stratton G. , Ergonomics. 2000 Oct;43(10):1538-46
Conclusion: These results suggest that while playground markings had a significant and positive influence on children’s physical activity, factors other than playground markings may also influence children’s physically active play.
Long-term effects of a playground markings and physical structures on children’s recess physical activity levels Ridgers ND, Stratton G, Fairclough SJ, Twisk JW. Prev Med. 2007 May;44(5):393-7. Epub 2007 Feb 1.
Conclusion: The results suggest that a playground redesign, which utilizes multicolor playground markings and physical structures, is a suitable stimulus for increasing children’s school recess physical activity levels.
Children’s physical activity levels during school recess: a quasi-experimental intervention study Ridgers ND, Stratton G, Fairclough SJ, Twisk JW. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2007 May 21;4:19.
Conclusion: The playground redesign intervention (playground markings and physical structures intervention) resulted in small but non-significant increases in children’s recess physical activity when school and pupil level variables were added to the analyses. Changing the playground environment produced a stronger intervention effect for younger children, and longer daily recess duration enabled children to engage in more MVPA following the intervention.
This study concludes that the process of increasing recess physical activity is complex when school and pupil-level covariates are considered, though they should be taken into account when investigating the effects of playground intervention studies on children’s physical activity during recess.