Locomotor skills are the foundation of large muscle movements and the cornerstone of gross motor coordination. There are eight basic locomotor movements which include: walk, run, hop, jump, gallop, skip, leap and slide.

Research suggests that once a child can walk and run comfortably then he/she is ready to learn the other 6 movements. Research from the University of Michigan suggests that these skills should be learned between 2-7 years.

Contents Included with the Set:

The Peaceful Playgrounds Sensory Pathways Locomotor Skills includes 5 stencils: Block Walking, Midline Jumping, Hopscotch, Varibeam, and Cross Over Walking.

Task Cards and Certificates are also included.

 Block Walking:

  • Step across the blocks as if stepping on stones crossing the river. Don’t step off the stone or you’ll end up in the river.
  • Walk across the blocks by only stepping on red, purple, and yellow.
  • Walk across the blocks by stepping on green, blue, and orange.
  • Hop across the blocks by stepping on only red, purple, and yellow.
 

 

 

 

Midline Jumping:

  • Walk forward on the centerline in a heel-to-toe fashion.
  • Walk backward in a heel-to-toe fashion.
  • Hop with one foot around the centerline.
  • Now jump forward straddling the line one foot on each side of the centerline.

 

Varibeam:

  •  Walk forward on the centerline heel-toe fashion.
  • Walk backward heel-toe fashion.
  • Hop with one foot around the centerline.
  • Start with both feet on the bottom circle then step, hop, or jump on one foot onto the next circle. Repeat this pattern

 

Crossover Walking:

  • Start with feet side by side as shown in the crossover walking path footprints. Next, put your outside foot (right foot) across
  • the centerline to the other side and continue the length of the path walking and crossing over the centerline with each step.
  • Return from the end of the path walking backward by crossing over the centerline.
  • Practice the cross-over walking while tossing a bean bag from hand-to-hand while walking.
  • Practice the cross-over walking while bouncing a ball on one side.

 

Hopscotch:

  • Use the hopscotch court to jump with your feet together in the single squares and your feet apart when there are two squares.
  • Go up the court in this jumping pattern and jump in the half circle and turn around and repeat the pattern going back to the starting point.
  • Jump the number in each square.
  • Practice the jump-hop sequence (hop in the single square and jump with feet apart in the two side-by-side squares).

 

 

Extension Activities:

  • Walk backward heel-toe fashion on a jump rope or straight line.
  • Hop with one foot around a jump rope laid out on the ground.
  • Hop with the other foot around the jump rope laid out on the ground.
  • Now jump forwards straddling the line, one foot landing on each side of the line. Turn around at the end and return.

 

 Vocabulary Words:

  • Walking: Use smooth, straight steps with arms swinging gently in opposition of feet.
  • Running: Use smooth, straight steps with arms swinging gently in opposition of feet at a quick speed.
  • Hopping: With one foot on the ground, push toes.
  • Jumping: With feet close together, push off with both feet and land on both feet.

 

 Assessments:

  • Block Walking Assessment
  • Midline Jumping Assessment
  • Hopscotch Assessment
  • Cross-Over Walking Assessment
  • Varibeam Assessment

 

At-Home Parent Cards:

  • Make it a family outing and walk, skip, or gallop around the block. You can hop, jump, leap, or slide to mix it up a bit.
  • Play Gallop tag.
  • Try race walking.
  • Jumping contest.

 

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